From The Evolution of
"For years I have told my
students that I have been trying to train executives rather than clerks.
The distinction between the two is parallel to the distinction
previously made between understanding and knowledge. It is a mighty low
executive who cannot hire several people with command of more knowledge
than he has himself. And he can always buy reference works or electronic
devices with better memories for facts than any subordinate. The chief
quality of an executive is that he have understanding. He should be able
to make decisions that make it possible to utilize the knowledge of
other persons. Such executive capacity can be taught, but it cannot be
taught by an educational program that emphasizes knowledge and only
knowledge. Knowledge must be assumed as given, and if it is not
sufficient the candidate must be eliminated. But the vital thing is
understanding. This requires possession of techniques that, fortunately,
can be taught."
The Evolution of Civilizations.
2nd ed. 1979. p. 420