COMPARATIVE NATIONAL CULTURES
13 November 1957
T. L. Crystal, Jr. , USAF,
Member of the Faculty, ICAF
SPEAKER--Dr. Carroll Quigley,
Professor of History,
School of Foreign Service, Georgetown University.
Publication No. L58-54
INDUSTRIAL COLLEGE OF THE ARMED FORCES
Washington, D. C.
Dr. Carroll Quigley, Professor of History, School of Foreign Service, Georgetown
University, was born in Boston, Massachusetts, 9 November 1910. He was educated
at Boston Latin School and at Harvard University, obtaining an A.B. (magna cum
laude) in 1933, an M.A. in 1934 and a Ph.D. in 1938. He was an instructor in
History at Princeton University from 1935 to 1937, leaving there to do research
work at the public archives of Paris and Milan on the Woodberry Lowery Traveling
Fellowship of Harvard University. While abroad he wrote his doctoral
dissertation on "The Public Administration of the Napoleonic Kingdom of Italy,
1805-1814. " From 1938 to 1941 he was instructor and tutor in the Division of
History, Government and Economics at Harvard University. Since 1941 he has been
at the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown University, first as lecturer in
History and Civilization and now as Professor of European History. He is
regarded as an authority on the comparative history of civilizations and the
history of Europe in the 20th century.
He is a member of the American Historical Association, the American Economic
Association, the American Anthropological Association, and other learned
societies. He is engaged at present in writing a book on world history in the
20th century Europe. His most recent published work is "The Origin and Diffusion
of Oculi" in The American Neptune for January 1958. This is Dr, Quigley's fifth
lecture at the College.
COMPARATIVE NATIONAL CULTURES
13 November 1957
COLONEL CRYSTAL: Good morning.
We have the privilege this morning of welcoming back to this platform a friend
of long standing. Until I met the Doctor this morning. I really was going to say
"an old friend, " because anybody who has done as much for as long a period as
Dr. Quigley has for the Industrial College, I felt, must have a long gray beard.
But in this age of DDT and penicillin he has preserved his facilities remarkably
I'd like to tell you a little bit about what his business is. He is a
professional historian at the School of Foreign Service at Georgetown
University. One of the methods they use there is "to help the student to form an
idea of the process of social development by obtaining a broader perspective and
understanding of the past of our civilization, the meaning of great movements in
the past, with special emphasis on their effects on our present civilization.
And he has been trying to do this for some years with us.
Evidence of it is contained in some of the documents which have been published
by us and to which I strongly recommend you: The pre-Revolutionary History of
the Soviet Union, a brilliant presentation that lets you understand a little
better where the Muscovites came from; The Development of the Soviet
Economy--his lecture on this subject last year--and finally, and to me as a
student, of even greater importance, is his bibliography on the economic
potential of the Soviet Union and its satellites.
I'll give you one example of how a professional teacher helps students, because
in an area which is difficult to find much about, labor in the Soviet Union, he
has listed Deutscher, I., Soviet Trade Unions: Their Place in Soviet Labor
Policy, an I. R.R.A. publication, and Hubbard, L. E., Soviet Labour and
Industry. So in your research in this course of human resources don't neglect
what the Doctor has already made available to us in our library.
He has also annotated it with critical comments on the biases of the authors,
and this is that understanding perspective about which professional historians
probably know more than most people in other areas of dispute and contention.
History is one of those areas. In his biography you've probably read his latest
contribution to scholarly work. I've not made arrangements with the magazine to
get a specially reduced rate on the American Neptune for January, because I am
one of those who is rather perplexed at exactly what the Origin and Diffusion of
Oculi means. If any of you share my confusion, I want to admit that the amount
of lexicographical research that I did last night only heightens my confusion,
because I found the word "oculus" to mean, anatomically, an eye. In
architecture, it's a circular hole in the middle of the western facade of most
Gothic cathedrals. It is also the circular hole in the top of the dome of the
Pantheon. In an astronomical manner it's the Corona Borealis. In botany it is a
leafbud or an astringent plant. In chronology it's the third Sunday in Lent. In
lapidology it's an opal, the oculus mundi. In zoology it can be called the
Well, without further ado, Doctor, you know you're among friends. We're very
happy to have you here. I am proud to present to the class Dr. Carroll Quigley.
DR. QUIGLEY: I think it's a shame to interrupt that. He speaks
very well, and it ' s the most fascinating subject I've ever heard discussed.
But he's not a good man with the dictionary. I guess he didn't get the right
The oculi I am talking about are the eyes painted on the front of ships in Asia
and the East Coast of Africa. They have eyes painted so the ship can see where
it is going, according to some people. One of the arguments in my article is
that it is not to provide the ship with a way of seeing where it's going, but
something else. But don't rush out and buy the American Neptune, because they'll
run out. I don't think they publish more than a handful of them.
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